Explain with examples why functionalist explanations of crime and deviance may be criticised for:

  1. Assuming that society has universal norms and values.
  2. Not seeing the definition of crime and deviance as problematic.
  3. Taking official crime statistics at face value.
  4. Not explaining differences in the way different deviants are treated.
  5. Not examining the role of the agents of social control.
  6. Assuming that people just react to outside forces.