1. Middle class children were more likely to qualify for grammar school and working class children were more likely to go to secondary modern schools – this reinforced social class differences.
  2. They legitimated and reproduced both class and gender inequalities.
  3. This appears to give control to all parents, but conceals inequality as middle class parents are more able to take advantage of the choices available.
  4. Higher standards and greater efficiency may be produced by competition.
  5. League tables; opting out; business sponsorship; publication of Ofsted inspection reports; open enrolment.
  6. They appear to encourage working class students, but they still face difficulties, such as higher education fees; grammar schools and private/public schools still provide privilege.