1. False
  2. Because they reward irresponsible and anti-social behaviour (e.g. encouraging fathers to abandon their families in the knowledge that the welfare state will provide for them).
  3. Child benefit; maternity leave.
  4. Familistic means policies that assume there is a traditional gender division of labour and little state welfare/childcare. Individualistic means policies that assume couples are equally responsible both for breadwinning and for domestic labour, and there is extensive state welfare/childcare provision.
  5. Individualistic
  6. False