1. The drugs trade; green crimes; immigrant smuggling; arms trafficking; international terrorism. More examples on page 127.
  2. Late modern society, which is threatened by risks that are human-made and have never been faced before, such as global warming and nuclear accidents.
  3. An organisation dependent on global connections, but that still has a local network.
  4. You can see clearly what is or is not a crime.
  5. Many harmful actions are not in fact against the law, or may be against the law in one country but not in another.
  6. The study of environmental harm and of harm caused by the powerful (e.g. states, big business).
  7. An anthropocentric view is a human-centred view that assumes humans have the right to dominate the environment; an ecocentric view sees humans and their environment as interdependent, so that environmental harm hurts humans also.
  8. Primary green crimes are crimes that directly involve harm to the environment (e.g. destroying the rainforest); secondary green crimes are crimes that result from the flouting of rules designed to prevent environmental harm (e.g. breaking laws against dumping toxic waste).
  9. Illegal or deviant activities perpetrated by, or with the complicity of, state agencies.
  10. Ways that are used by delinquents and by the state to justify their crimes, e.g. denial of victim, of injury or of responsibility.

Below: the entrance to Auschwitz, one of the concentration camps where the Nazi state murdered six million Jews, and millions of Gypsies, Slavs, political opponents, disabled people, homosexuals and others.


See images of London after climate change