1. The stage of data gathering.
  2. True.
  3. That they had stopped challenging authority and become like hired hands, taking no moral responsibility for their work.
  4. To redress the balance – unlike the views of the powerful, those of the underdog are seldom heard.
  5. Because their understanding of these societies could provide useful information e.g. for the military’s counter-insurgency operations.
  6. Lack of bias or preconceptions. Not allowing one’s personal views and values to affect the collection or interpretation of data.
  7. Because science and its research methods have high status in academic circles and in wider society.