1. Repressive: police; courts; army. Ideological: education; mass media; religion.
  2. Reproduction: transmitting inequality from generation to generation e.g. by failing working-class pupils in each generation. Legitimation: justifying inequality as fair and natural e.g. the myth of meritocracy.
  3. Similarities or parallels between schools and workplace e.g. hierarchy of bosses and workers
  4. It justifies inequality as fair and natural.
  5. A production system based on flexible specialization; using advanced technology and adaptable, skilled workers where production is customized to niche markets.
  6. It argues that reproduction of non-class inequalities is important.