1. Because he wanted to show that even an act as personal as suicide could nonetheless have social patterns and social causes. In doing so, he would be able to demonstrate the need for sociology as a separate scientific discipline to explain such patterns and causes.
  2. They are external to the individual; they shape individual behaviour; they are greater than individuals.
  3. Anomic suicide.
  4. Because there is more individualism (individuals’ rights and freedoms become more important than obligations and responsibilities towards the group.
  5. Escape; repentance; cry for help, self-punishment; revenge; seriousness.
  6. Mode of death; location; suicide note; history of mental illness; social circumstances (e.g. recent redundancy, bereavement or divorce).
  7. Where the suicide is produced by the individual’s relationship with or feelings about another person or persons.
  8. Altruistic suicide.