1. Increases in the number of couples cohabiting; people remaining single; divorces; lone parent families; same-sex couples and births outside marriage.
  2. False
  3. the irretrievable breakdown of marriage
  4. The decline of the influence of religion in society.
  5. Women are having fewer children; they are having them later; more are remaining childless; more births are outside marriages.
  6. Most are headed by women, who earn less on average than men; one parent means only one wage-earner; lack of affordable child-care; low welfare benefits.
  7. The higher value placed on extended family; the need for support and assistance when migrating; the higher proportion of people of childbearing age in British Asian communities.